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PTE、雅思、托福连连看

2011-11-24 11:59

来源:21世纪英语

作者:

24岁的宋茵,是合肥中国科技大学计算机科学专业的研究生。她可能是首批来京参加PTE考试的考生之一。PTE的考试分数完全由计算机评定,所有考试也都在计算机上完成。

SONG Yin,24,a graduate student in computer science at the University of Science and Technology of China in Hefei,might be one of the first to sit the Pearson Test of English (PTE) in Bejing.It's graded entirely by machine,with everything examined automatically by computer.

出于安全考虑,每位考生在入座戴上耳机前都要进行手掌扫描和数字签名。宋茵说:“我很喜欢报名参加这些新测试。这不仅是测试我英语水平的新途径,而且,如果要到国外求学,它还能给我一种竞争的感觉。”

Anyone taking the test has to get a palm scan and digital signature for security measures before taking their seat and putting on a set of headphones."I'm really interested in registering for a new test like that," Song said."It's a novel way to test my ability and could give me a feel of competitiveness if I want to apply for overseas study."

PTE学术英语考试是总部位于伦敦的教育集团——培生语言考试中心推出的一种基于计算机的新型学术英语考试。该英语考试主要考察英语非母语者进入大学学习的准备情况。考试内容来自真实的教学情景,例如一个演讲或写作任务。

PTE Academic is a new computer-based academic English language test from Pearson Language Tests (PLT),a part of the London-based education company. It tests the preparedness of non-native English speakers for university-level studies in English.The materials are from real instructional situations such as a lecture or writing assignment.

PTE考试将于11月登录中国。这或许意味着英语语言评估领域的一大改变。对于那些想要出国留学的人来说,除了托福和雅思,他们又多了一项选择。

PTE's coming to China in November and might mean a change in the English language assessment world.For anyone wanting to go abroad to study,it presents an alternative to the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the International English Language Testing System (IELTS).

当然,每个考试都有其自己的优势,迎合不同学生群体的需求。本文中,《21世纪英文报》将为你提供它们之间的比较,帮你找到适合你的那一种考试。

Still,each of the tests has its own advantages and caters to a different group of students.Here,21st Century offers you a comparison to help you find out which might be your cup of tea.

PTE学术英语考试

Pearson Test of English Academic

认可范围:目前该考试已被约500个机构、800个项目所认可,其中包括伦敦商学院、耶鲁大学和一些欧洲一流的商业学校。

Range of acceptance:It's been recognized by around 500 institutions and 800 programs, including the London Business School and Yale University,as well as leading European business schools.

报名费:200美元

Registration fee:$200

特点:基于计算机的考试

Features:Computer-based test

音频样本:在PTE考试中,培生添加了一项很重要的因素——一个简短的语音样本,也叫声印。考试开始前,考生须录制一段30秒的自我介绍。将来,该音频文件将和考试成绩一起被送到学校。对那些重视实用口语的人来说,PTE考试提供了一个更好的机会。

Audio sample:An important element that Pearson has added is a brief audio sample,or voice print.The test-taker has to record a 30-second self-introduction clip before starting the test.The clip is delivered along with test scores to the prospective school.This gives a better chance to those who prize their practical oral skills.

难点:对中国考生来说,自我介绍是一个全新的考试项目。因此,他们需要好好准备。

Difficulties:The self-introduction part is new to Chinese,so they need to be well-prepared.

雅思 IELTS

认可范围:澳大利亚、加拿大、爱尔兰、新西兰、英国、美国及其他国家的6000多个机构。

Range of acceptance:More than 6,000 organizations in Australia,Canada,Ireland,New Zealand,the UK,the US,and other countries.

报名费:1450元

Registration fee:1,450 yuan

特点:纸笔考试

Features:Paper-based test

可以和主考官互动。口语测试环节包括考生与专业考官一对一的对话。考官引导考生进行各个环节的测试。一些学生认为,与真人对话比与机器对话感觉更自然。 Human interaction with the examiner. The speaking section involves a person-to-person talk with a trained examiner. The examiner leads the test-taker through various parts. Some students feel more natural speaking with a real person than with a machine.

难点:中国学生往往在写作部分分数较低。考生需要提高他们的逻辑思维能力、词汇量和对句子结构的理解。

Difficulties: Chinese students tend to get low scores on the writing section. Test-takers need to develop logical skills, a large vocabulary, and an understanding of sentence structures.

托福 TOEFL

认可范围:全球约7000家组织机构认可托福成绩。

Range of acceptance: More than 7,000 organizations worldwide use TOEFL results

报名费:1415元

Registration fee:1,415 yuan

特点:基于互联网的考试

Features:Internet-based test

考察学生在学术环境下4项英语技能的结合能力。北京新东方学校北美项目部主任张洪伟说:“随着时间的过去,托福考试根据来自学生和学校的新要求已经做出了调整。调整后的托福重点放在4个基本技能的运用上,因此学生们需要扎好基本功。”

Measures the ability to integrate four English skills in an academic setting. "TOEFL has kept reforming itself over time with new requests from students and universities," said Zhang Hongwei, head of Beijing's North American Testing Program, New Oriental School. "The new test puts a lot of emphasis on the use of the four basic skills, so students have to be very solid in them."

难点:数据显示,中国学生在口试环节表现最差。张老师建议大家从网站下载一些试题,然后每天坚持练习。

Difficulties: According to the producer's statistics, Chinese do their worst on the oral section. Zhang's advice is to download some tests from the website, and try to practice every day.

(编辑:何佩琦)

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