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PTE阅读中FIB同义词解析

2020-11-29 11:12

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  新东方网为同学们整理了PTE阅读中FIB同义词解析,供考生参考学习。

  transaction:交易,事务,事项;办理,执行

  transition:过渡,过渡时期

  transformation:改变,改观,改造

  transmission:传送,传递,传达,传导

  典型考题分析

  1. The___ from childhood to adulthood is always a critical time forevery-body.

  A conversion

  B transition

  C turnover

  D transformation

  [题解]题意是:对每个人而言,从儿童到成人的过渡是一个关键时期。选项 conversion意思是“变换,转变”,而 turnover意思是“成交量,营业额:人员调整”。根据题意,答案为B。

  2. Cultural ___ indicates that human beings hand their language down from one generationto another.

  A translation

  B transition

  C transmission

  D transaction

  [题解]题意是:文化继承是指人类将其语言代代相传。根据题意,答案为C。

  3. He attends to the ___ of important business himself.

  A transaction

  B transition

  C transmission

  D transformation

  [题解]题意是:他亲自参与重要商业贸易的处理。故答案为A。

  4. There is much I enjoy about the changing season, but my favorite time is the ___ from fall to winter.

  A transmission

  B transformation

  C transition

  D transfer

  [题解]题意是:我喜欢季节的更替,但我最喜欢的是秋冬之交。选项 transfer意思是“调动,转移”,故答案是C。

  concession/recession

  concession:让步,妥协:授予

  recession:后退,撤回:商业暂时衰退现象,萧条

  典型考题分析

  5. It is hard to tell whether we are going to have a boom in the economy or a ___ .

  A concession

  B recession

  C submission

  D transmission

  [题解]题意是:很难预测我们的经济是繁荣还是衰退。选项 submission意思是“屈服,顺从”,而且由boom可知空格处需要一个与它意思相反的词,故答案应为B。

  confirm/ conform

  confirm:确认,确定:批准,认可:使现固,使坚定

  conform:适合,相似:符合,遵守(常接介词to)

  典型考题分析

  6. All the students have to ___ to the rules and the regulations of the school.

  A confirm

  B confront

  C confine

  D conform

  [题解]题意是:所有的学生必须遵守学校的规章制度。选项 confront意思是“面对,面临;遭受;对抗”,常用于短语 be confronted with; confine意思是“限制;禁闭”,常用于短语 confine...to,根据题意,答案为D。

  7. The vast majority of people in any given culture will ___ to the established standards ofthese resources.

  A confine

  B conform

  C confront

  D confirm

  [题解]题意是:在任何一个文化环境中绝大多数人都会遵守那种文化所形成的准则。故答案为B。

  8. E-mail is a convenient, highly democratic informal medium for conveying messages that ___well to human needs.

  A adheres

  B reflects

  C conform

  D satisfies

  [题解]題意是:E-mail是方便的、高度民主的用于传递信息的非正式媒介,它符合了人类的需求。选项 adhere意思是“坚持,忠于,黏附”,其后常接介词to: reflect意思是“反射,反应”;satisfy意思是“满足,使满意”,但它是及物动词。根据句意,答案为C。

  conserve/conceive/contrive

  conserve:保存,保养,保藏

  conceive:构思出,想象,猜测;抱有...的想法;怀孕;形成概念

  contrive:设计出,发明,策划

  典型考题分析

  9. To___ is to save and protect, to leave what we ourselves enjoy in such good conditionthat others may also share the enjoyment.

  A conserve

  B) conceive

  C) convert

  D) contrive

  [题解]题意是:保存就是保留并保护好我们喜欢的东西,以便其他人也能分享。选项 convert意思是“改变,转变,转化”,常用于 convert...into...结构中。根据题意,答案为A。

  10. Scientists first ___the idea of the atom bomb in the 1930s.

  A. imagined

  B conceived

  C considered

  D acknowledged

  [题解]题意是:科学家们在20世纪30年代就提出了原子弹的构想。选项 imagine意思是想象,料想"; acknowledae意思是”承认,致谢"。根据题意,答案为B。

  simultaneously / spontaneously /homogeneously/harmoniously

  simultaneously:同时发生地,同时进行地,同步地

  spontaneously:自然地,自发地

  homogeneously:类似地,同类地

  harmoniously:和谐地,协调地

  典型考题分析

  11. In the past ten years skyscrapers have developed ___in Chicago and New York City.

  A homogeneously

  B simultaneously

  C spontaneously

  D harmoniously

  [题解]题意是:在最近十年,纽约和芝加哥同时建起了摩天大楼。故答案为B。

  12. Although most dreams apparently happen ___ dream activity may be pirevoked byexternal influences.

  A spontaneously

  B simultaneously

  C homogeneously

  D instantaneously

  [题解]题意是:尽管多数梦看起来是自发产生的,但外部影响也会使人做梦。选项instantaneously意思是"即时的,瞬间的”。根据题意,答案为A。

  13. Fiberoptic cables can carry hundreds of telephone conversations ___ .

  A simultaneously

  B spontaneously

  C homogeneously

  D contemporarily

  [题解]题意是:光纤电缆能同时传送成百上千个电话。选项 contemporarily意思是“同时代地”,故答案为A。

  热点词汇:

  PTE听力 PTE写作

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